The report highlights that while coastal resources such as fish, minerals, and energy are critical for the Sustainable Blue Economy, which accounts for 5% of the global GDP, they are threatened by a wide range of land-based human activities. For example, roughly 80% of the marine and coastal pollution originates on land. However, there are very few, if any, truly effective governance mechanisms that take account of land-ocean interactions.
The new study draws together an evidence base that demonstrates the need for enhanced governance coordination between terrestrial activities and marine resources. It provides policy makers with concrete options for strengthening the existing land-sea governance structures and calls for an urgent shift towards a new governance approach.
The full report, summary for policymakers and factsheets can be accessed here: https://www.unep.org/resources/publication/governing-coastal-resources-implications-sustainable-blue-economy